Mathematicians Warn That We Could Experience A Mini Ice Age By The Year 2030
For example, even though the Maunder Minumum ended in 1715, the 1800s had some of the coldest temperatures to Europe while the rest of the world experienced mild temperatures. Charles Dickens used to tell stories of white Christmases that hardly ever happen in England nowadays.
However, it’s likely that volcanic eruptions in Indonesia and Nicaragua during that decade contributed greatly to the global variations in temperature. Active volcanos can emit aerosols into the air which circulate and deflect solar radiation. This cools the air.
With the potential of an upcoming ice age in our future, it is not the volcanoes that scientists are keeping an eye on. They are watching global warming. Some scientists are skeptical that an ice age will even happen. They think that global warming could offset it entirely. "I hope global warming will be overridden by this effect, giving humankind and the Earth 30 years to sort out our pollution," said Zharkova.
Zharkova does warn us that a mini ice age will give us an opportunity, not a solution. When it comes to solar cycles, we are at a solar maximum where the sun gives off a lot more heat. When we enter the solar minimum, the sun gives off less, and we might be able to offset global warming.
This period is only temporary, and Zharkova worries that any progress made during the solar minimum will be offset when we reach the next solar maximum.