Scientists Create 3D-Printed Terra Cotta Tiles to Encourage Coral Reef Growth

Posted by Sama in Science and Technology On 11th August 2020
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An effort is made by marine scientists and architects at the Swire Institute of Marine Science to encourage coral growth and help preserve marine life by designing terra cotta tiles. The tiles are made by 3D printing with terra cotta clay and firing the tiles at extremely high heat. (Terra cotta is an ancient form of porous fired-clay pottery.) This fusion of ancient material and modern method allows for the unique “squiggly” design and porous, textured surface of the tile.

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#1

With advancing science and promising new technology, the coral reefs may get a chance at life again. The coral population has declined heavily due to red tides, pollution, and increased water traffic in the Double Island area of Sai Kung.

A project aimed at restoration of the coral reefs, commissioned by the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department (AFCD), marine scientists and architects from the University of Hong Kong (HKU) have co-developed large terra cotta tiles to provide appealing habitats for new coral growth and for the many species which depend on the coral for a home.

Photo: Christian J. Lange/HKU
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#2

About two feet in diameter, the 128 hexagonal tiles form an interlocking grid spanning 430 square feet of ocean floor across three distinct sites. Every tile has a wrinkly pattern just like a human brain and provides crevices for the growth of other beings and for corals to take roots.

Scientists also believe the clay material will help fragile coral grasp the surface.

Photo: Christian J. Lange/HKU
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#3

Made with 3D printing technology, the tiles are made with terra cotta clay and firing the tiles at extremely high heat. (Terra cotta is an ancient form of porous fired-clay pottery.) This fusion of ancient material and modern method allows for the unique “squiggly” design and porous, textured surface of the tile. Scientists believe both factors will make the tiles an ideal habitat for coral regrowth.

Photo: Christian J. Lange/HKU
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#4

Placing the tiles this summer, the marine experts at Swire Institute of Marine Science (SWIMS) at HKU will observe coral growth over the next two years. Collaborating with the Robotic Fabrication Lab of the Faculty of Architecture, the scientists intend to extend their experimentation by creating a variety of tile designs through 3D printing. In this way the tiles can be designed to fit with the needs of a specific marine environment. Terra cotta tiles are a promising eco-friendly method to help revive and replace the coral reefs which are critical to ocean ecologies.

Photo: Christian J. Lange/HKU

#5 Marine scientists and architects at the Swire Institute of Marine Science have designed terra cotta tiles to encourage coral reef growth.

Photo: Christian J. Lange/HKU

#6 These tiles cover 430 square feet of ocean floor.

Photo: Christian J. Lange/HKU

#7 The terra cotta coral reef tiles are 3D printed to create many crevices for coral to allow them to take roots and regrow.

Photo: Christian J. Lange/HKU

#8 Scientists hope the tiles will help reverse a significant loss of coral reef at Double Island and will help in preserving marine life.

Photo: Christian J. Lange/HKU
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#9

Photo: Christian J. Lange/HKU
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